When it comes to construction contracts, the FIDIC (Fédération Internationale des Ingénieurs-Conseils) suite of contracts is widely recognized and used all over the world. The FIDIC was first established in 1913 and has since provided guidelines and standards for consulting engineers and the construction industry. These contracts are widely accepted in international engineering projects, making them a necessary tool for those in the field.
FIDIC contracts are used for a variety of construction projects, including buildings, roads, bridges, and tunnels. They have become particularly popular for international construction projects due to their universal use and standardization. By implementing a FIDIC contract, parties are able to ensure that they are adhering to consistent standards, protecting their legal rights, and minimizing the potential for disputes.
The FIDIC Suite of Contracts comprises of the following documents:
1. FIDIC Red Book: Construction Contract for Building and Engineering Works Designed by the Employer.
2. FIDIC Yellow Book: Contract for Plant and Design-Build.
3. FIDIC Silver Book: Conditions of Contract for EPC / Turnkey Projects.
4. FIDIC Green Book: Short Form of Contract (First Edition 1999).
5. FIDIC Gold Book: Design, Build and Operate Projects.
Each of these contracts has a specific purpose and use. The FIDIC Red Book is the most commonly used contract and is designed for building and engineering works. It is intended for use when the employer is responsible for the design. On the other hand, the FIDIC Yellow Book is intended for plant and design-build, where the contractor is responsible for the design. The FIDIC Silver Book is intended for use when the contractor is responsible for designing, building and commissioning a project.
The FIDIC Green Book is suitable for smaller, less complex projects, while the FIDIC Gold Book is used when a contractor is responsible for designing, building, and operating a project.
One of the key advantages of using FIDIC contracts is their ability to minimize disputes and promote cooperation between contracting parties. This is achieved through clear, concise language and a structured approach, which lays out the roles and responsibilities of each party involved in the project. If any disputes do arise, the FIDIC contracts provide a process for resolving them, typically through arbitration.
In summary, FIDIC contracts are widely recognized and utilized in the construction industry worldwide. They provide a structured approach to project management and ensure consistency in projects, which ultimately leads to successful outcomes. By using a FIDIC contract, parties are able to minimize disputes and promote cooperation, which is crucial for the success of any construction project.